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DISTRICT PROFILE

INTRODUCTION:-

Sahibganj district ranks thirteenth in terms of total population in the state and thirteenth in regard to decadal population growth rate (2001-11) among the twenty-four districts. With a sex ratio of 952,it ranks fifteenth in the state. The district comprises of nine blocks ,namely, Sahibganj, Mandro, Borio, Barhait, Taljhari, Rajmahal, Udhwa, Pathna and Barharwa.As per Census 2011,the district has 1349 villages and 8 towns distributed in three assembly constituencies. Census 2011 figures indicated that the percentage share of scheduled caste population to total population was 6.29 percent while that of scheduled tribes was 26.80 percent. Based on the number of the total rural households in Census 2011 and BPL Revision Survey of 2010-11 the percentage of BPL households in rural areas is 86.03 percent.

BASIC INDICATORS-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1 Population 1150567 32988134 Census of India 2011
2 Male 589391 16930315 Census of India 2011
3 Female 561176 16057819 Census of India 2011
4 Rural 990901 25055073 Census of India 2011
5 Urban 159666 7933061 Census of India 2011
6 SC Population 72341 3985644 Census of India 2011
7 SC Population Male 37317 2043458 Census of India 2011
8 SC Population Female 35024 1942186 Census of India 2011
9 ST Population 308343 8645042 Census of India 2011
10 ST Population Male 153435 4315407 Census of India 2011
11 ST Population Female 154908 4329635 Census of India 2011
12 Population Growth Rate, 2001-11(%) 23.96 22.34 Census of India 2011
13 Child Population (0-6 years) 221955 5389495 Census of India 2011
14 Child Population (0-6 years) to total population (%) 19.29 16.33 Census of India 2011
15 Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) 952 949 Census of India 2011
16 Sex Ratio at Birth, Total 936 930 AHS 2012-13
17 Sex Ratio at Birth, Rural 940 943 AHS 2012-13
18 Sex Ratio at Birth, Urban 895 884 AHS 2012-13
19 Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years; Girls per 1000 boys) 960 948 Census of India 2011
20 Gross Enrolment Ratio (Primary) 175.0 155.8 DISE 2010-11
21 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 23.5 23.0 AHS 2012-13
22 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 24.3 24.3 AHS 2012-13
23 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 17.8 19.4 AHS 2012-13
24 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 6.6 6.0 AHS 2012-13
25 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 6.9 6.4 AHS 2012-13
26 Crude Birth Rate, Total (per 1000) 6.3 5.7 AHS 2012-13
27 Total Fertility Rate 3.0 2.9 AHS 2012-13
28 Wealth Index- lowest (20%) 36.7 20.0 AHS 2010-11
29 Wealth Index- highest (20%) 8.3 20.0 AHS 2010-11
30 Work Participation rate (15 years and above) 51.0 45.7 AHS 2012-13

Maternal Health-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1 Mothers who received any ANC(%) 86.6 92.4 AHS 2012-13
2 Mothers who received 3 or more ANC (%) 35.8 60.2 AHS 2012-13
3 Mothers who received full ANC (%) 5.4 13.6 AHS 2012-13
4 Mothers who received ANC from government  source (%) 17.7 16.9 AHS 2012-13
5 Mothers who consumed IFA for 100 days or more (%) 9.5 16.9 AHS 2012-13
6 Mothers who received at least one TT injection (%) 86.0 91.8 AHS 2012-13
7 Institutional delivery (%) 29.5 46.2 AHS 2012-13
8 Safe delivery (%) 39.6 56.2 AHS 2012-13
9 Delivery at home (%) 70.1 53.4 AHS 2012-13
10 Delivery at home conducted by skilled health personnel (%) 21.5 27.4 AHS 2012-13
11 Mothers who received post-natal check-up within 48 hours of delivery (%) 55.7 68.4 AHS 2012-13
12 Maternal Mortality Ratio (for Santhal Pargana Division) 292 245 AHS 2012-13

Education-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1 Literacy Rate (7+years)(%) 52 66.4 Census of India 2011
2 Literacy Rate –Male (7+years)(%) 60.3 76.8 Census of India 2011
3 Literacy Rate –Female (7+years)(%) 43.3 55.4 Census of India 2011
4 Boys age 6-17 years currently attending School(%) 89.2 91.6 AHS 2012-13
5 Girls age 6-17 years currently attending School(%) 89.6 91.8 AHS 2012-13
6 % Children (6-14 years) out of School 12.1 4.4 ASER 2011
7 % Children (6-14 years) in Private School 9.9 15.5 ASER 2011
8 % Children (Std I-II) who can read letters, words or more 67.7 66.1 ASER 2011
9 % Children (Std I-II) who can recognize numbers (1-9) or more 68.0 68.3 ASER 2011
10 % Children (Std III-V) who can read level I (Std I) text or more 46.3 44.8 ASER 2011
11 % Children (Std III-V) who can do subtraction or more 38.5 36.2 ASER 2011

Water, Sanitation & Hygiene-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1. Household having improved source of drinking water(%) Excluding Institutional Households 72.7 62.04 Census of India 2011
2 Scheduled Caste Household having improved source of Drinking Water facility (%) Excluding Institutional households 74.35 64.21 Census of India 2011
3 Scheduled Tribe household having improved source of drinking water facility(%) Excluding Institutional Households 55.83 54.71 Census of India 2011
4 Household having improved toilet facility (%) Excluding institutional Households 14.53 21.42 Census of India 2011
5 Scheduled Caste Household having improved toilet facility(%) Excluding institutional Households 12.36 12.09 Census of India 2011
6 Scheduled Tribe Households having improved toilet facility (%) Excluding Institutional Households 3.58 7.81 Census of India 2011

Child & Woman Protection-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1 Children whose births are registered (%) 36.7 62.1 AHS 2012-13
2 Marriages among females below legal age (18 years) (%) 14.6 11.0 AHS 2012-13
3 Currently married women aged 20-24 years married before legal age (18 years) (%) 45.6 45.2 AHS 2012-13
4 Children aged 5-14 years engaged in work (%) 4.7 2.5 AHS 2012-13
5 Number of crimes committed against children, murder   1 SCRB 2012
6 Number of crimes committed against children, rape   6 SCRB 2012
7 Total number of crimes against children   113 SCRB 2012
8 Crime rate against children (%)/rank on crime rate   0.92 SCRB 2012
9 Number of juveniles apprehended under IPC- cases reported against juveniles.   253 SCRB 2012
10 Crime against women (Dowry & witchcraft deaths) 3 342 SCRB 2012
11 Crime rate against women (%) rank on crime rate   29.16 SCRB 2012

HIV/AIDS-

Sl. Indicator Sahibganj jharkhand Source Year
1 Women who are aware of HIV/AIDS (%) 59.1 64.7 AHS 2012-13
2 Women who are aware of RTI/STI (%) 64.5 69.4 AHS 2012-13

Block at a Glance-

Indicator Population Male Female Child Population Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Literacy Rate (7 & above) (%)
Sub-District
Sahibganj 162120 85724 76396 28416 891 927 69.21
Mandro 75659 38114 37545 14042 985 1003 46.03
Borio 97845 49234 48611 17825 987 1006 42.38
Barhait 130227 66401 63826 23895 961 955 42.50
Taljhari 76330 38659 37671 14435 974 966 47.74
Rajmahal 168413 86928 81485 33882 937 945 52.85
Udhwa 177263 90967 86296 38505 949 954 47.42
Pathna 81940 41136 40804 15853 992 982 47.71
Barharwa 180770 92228 88542 35102 960 962 58.54
Source: Census of India, 2011

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:-
The district of Sahibganj lies approximately between 24042' north and 25021' north lattitude and between 87025' and 87054 east longitude. Sahibganj is the administrative headquarter of the district and situated on the bank of the river Ganges at 25015' north lattitude and 87038' east longitude . The geographical area of the district is 1599.00 sq. km..

It is bounded on north by the river Ganges and district of Katihar, on the south by the district Godda, on the east by Maldah and Murshidabad districts of the state of West Bengal, and on the west by Bhagalpur and Godda districts.

PHYSICAL ASPECTS :-
A large part of the district is hilly. The vast tract of land enclosed between hill ranges had been assigned a name- Damin-I-koh, which is a Persian word means Skirts of the hills. The region on the bank of the Ganges is fertile and richly cultivated. The district may be divided into two natural divisions on the basis of its geographical location and cultivable land.

First region consists of Borio, Mandro, Barhait, Pathna and Taljhari blocks and lies under Damin-I-koh area. The hills and slopes are covered with forests, once dense but scanty now. The valleys have cultivable lands, yielding mostly paddy. The inhabitants of this region are generally Paharias, Mal Paharias and Santhals. The inhabitants on the hill top cultivate Barbatti and maize using rain water.

The second region consists of Sahibganj, Rajmahal, Udhwa and Barharwa blocks. This plain region consists of the uplands, undulation along ridges and depressions. The Ganges, Gumani and Bansloi rivers flow through this region. This area has plenty of fertile lands and is richly cultivated. The inhabitants of this region are mainly middle class people of different castes, Paharias and Santhals.

Rivers:-
The river Ganges forming the northern boundary of the district enters at its north western corner and journeys eastward up to Sakrigali where it takes a turn to the south and forms the southern boundary of the district up to a little beyond Radhanagar in Rajmahal subdivision. The river has been drifting gradually to the north and the Sahibganj town, which was once on the riverbank, is now about a mile away. The average width of the Ganges in the district is about 4 and half kilometers. It generally swells during the rains and inundates the lowlands lying east of the Railway loop line. There are ferry services across the river between Sahibganj ghat in the Sahibganj district on this side and Manihari ghat in the Katihar district on the other side and Rajmahal ghat in the Sahibganj district and Manikchak ghat in the Maldah district of West Bengal. Country boats also ply in the river.

River Gumani emerges from the southern region of the Rajmahal hills. It flows in a north-easterly direction up to Barhait valley where it is joined by the river Mural. The joint stream takes a south-eastern turn and joins the Ganges a little beyond the district boundary.

FOREST:-
Owing to large scale unscrupulous felling the region once known for its thick and extensive forests is now bereft of much of its jungle wealth. The Forest department has undertaken afforestation of these areas.

The most common tree found in the district is sal (Shorea Robusta). Some teak, though not of good quality, is also found. Some other trees found in the district are Jackfruit, Murga, Simal, Bamboo, Asan and Satsal. Sal and Simal logs and Jackfruit are exported in large quantities to the neighboring districts and also to the places outside Jharkhand.

LIVESTOCK :-
Despite a large population of cattle, yield of milk in the district is very poor. In order to grade up the cattle quickly and also at low cost, artificial insemination centers and sub-centers have been opened at various places in the district.

FISHERIES:-
The extensive bed of the Ganges at Sahibganj and Rajmahal offers one of the best fields in the state for collection of fish spawn and fishing. The spawn of Rohu, Katla, Mirga, Catfish and Hilsa is collected from the Barhait valley.

MINES AND MINERALS:-
The Rajmahal Hills are the source of building and road stones. Most of the quarrying is done by the side of the loop line of the Eastern Railway. Pakur chips are quite well known and are used extensively all over Jharkhand, Bihar and parts of West Bengal. Kaolin is found near Mangal Hat in Rajmahal subdivision. Bentonite available in some places is used by women-folk as hair washing material and now a days it is getting popular among urban ladies as Multani Mitti.

INDUSTRY :-
The traditional cottage and village industries practiced by the Santhals and the Paharias constitute tasar rearing, village black-smithy, carpentry, handloom weaving, rope making, bidi making, earthen ware making, stone ware making, etc. There is no large-scale industry available in the area mainly due to lack of infrastructure support. A number of small-scale industries have been set up in the district. Most of these are based on mining and related querrying activities. There is a good potential for setting up china clay industries.

TRADE AND COMMERCE:-
Sahibganj is by far the most important place for trade and commerce in the district. Wholesale trading in foodgrains is mostly carried on in Sahibganj. The main imports of the districts are linseed, mustard seed, tobacco, raw cotton, sugar, refined and unrefined molasses, salt, kerosene oil, coal, coke, gunny bags, gram, wheat and maize. The main exports are paddy, jawar, sabai, grass, stone chips, hides, fibers, kaolin and bentonite.

COMMUNICATION:-

a) Roads :- The district has good network of roadways. The river Ganges provides water link also for such purposes. No important place in the district is left unconnected by a metalled road. The Jamtara-Dumka-Sahibganj road provides a link with Assam after ferry across the Ganges. The road between Farakka and Bhagalpur has been upgraded as National Highway.

b) Railways :- The district is deprived of adequate railway communication as it lies on the Howrah-Bhagalpur loop line. Both the sub-divisional headquarters have railway stations. Presently there is rail connection for Howrah, New Delhi and Patna.

c) Waterways :- The only navigable waterways is the river Ganges. There are ferry services across the river Ganges between Sahibganj ghat to Manihari Ghat in Katihar district of Bihar, which is directly linked to the Guwahati highway and between Rajmahal ghat to Manikchak ghat in Maldah district of West Bengal.

ELECTRICITY AND POWER :-
The district receives most of the power supply from the Super Thermal Power Station at Kahalgaon. While all the main areas of the district have been electrified still the supply of power in the rural areas is not yet sufficient and is an area of major concern.

Acronyms
AHS Annual Health Survey AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
ANC Ante Natal Check-Up ASER Annual Status of Education Report
BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin DISE District Information System for Education
DPT Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Vaccine HAF Home Available Fluids
HH Households HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
ORS Oral Rehydration Therapy NIN National Institute of Nutrition
RTI Reproductive Tract Infection SCRB State Crime Record Bureau
STI Sexually Transmitted Infection